ATB-2012-57-2-04-Aydin, Between Domestic Factors and the EU: Explaining the Emergence of the Turkish Competition Regime

By Umut Aydin

With the adoption of the Law on the Protection of Competition in
1994 and the establishment of the Turkish Competition Authority in
1997, Turkey joined the ranks of a growing number of countries that
have adopted competition regimes in the last twenty years. A
combination of domestic and external factors helps to account for the
emergence and the evolution of the Turkish competition regime. The
adoption of competition law was a key condition for Turkey’s
Customs Union agreement with the European Union, and this
conditionality played a crucial role in the adoption of the law and the
establishment of the Competition Authority by helping Turkish
policy makers overcome the opposition from domestic interests. The
evolution of competition policy since then, however, can best be
explained by domestic institutional factors and the Turkish
Competition Authority’s ties with international organizations
working in the competition policy area.

Competition law, conditionality, Customs Union, European Union, Turkey, Turkish Competition Authority

Umut Aydin is at Instituto de Ciencia Política, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile